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An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara Empire Notes| Class 12 History

Important Terms:

  • Karnataka Samrajyamu: Historians used the term Vijayanagara Empire, contemporaries described it as the
  • Karnataka Samrajyamu.
  • Gajapati: Literally means the lord of elephants. This was the name of a ruling lineage that was very powerful in Odisha in the fifteenth century.
  • Ashvapati: In the popular traditions of Vijayanagara the Deccan Sultans are termed as ashavapati of the lord of horses.
  • Narapati: In Vijayanagara Empire, the Rayas are called narapati or the lord of men.
  • Yavana: It is a Sanskrit word for the Greeks and other peoples entered the subcontinent from the north-west.
  • Shikara: The top or very high roof of the temples is called Shikhar. Generally, it can be seen from a reasonable distance by the visitors of the temples. Under Shikhar we find the idol of main God or Goddess.
  • Garbhgrah: This is a central point of the main room located at a central position of the temple. Generally, every devotee goes near the gate of this room to pay respect and feelings of devotion to his main duty.


  • 1336 -Foundation of Vijayanagara Empire by Harihara Raya and Bukka Raya.
  • 1483 –  Emergence of Saluva Dynasty.
  • 1509-1529  Tenure of Krishnadeva Raya.
  • 1512 – Krishnadev Raya occupied Raicher Doals.
  • 1565 – Battle of Talikata.
  • 1570 – Foundation of Aravidu Dynasty.
  • 1815 – Col Mackenizie appointed as 1st Surveyor General of India.
  • 1856 – Alexander Greenlaw takes the first detailed photographs of archaeological remains at Hampi.
  • 1876 – J.F. Fleet begins documenting the inscription on the temple walls at the site.
  • 1902 – Conservation begins under John Marshall.
  • 1986 – Hampi declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO.

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